Saturday, November 22, 2008

lyrics shania twain: u'r still the one

When I first saw you, I saw love.
And the first time you touched me, I felt love.
And after all this time, you're still the one I love.)

Looks like we made it
Look how far we've come my baby
We mighta took the long way
We knew we'd get there someday

They said, I bet they'll never make it
But just look at us holding on
We're still together still going strong

(You're still the one)
You're still the one I run to
The one that I belong to
You're still the one I want for life
(You're still the one)
You're still the one that I love
The only one I dream of
You're still the one I kiss good night

Ain't nothin' better
We beat the odds together
I'm glad we didn't listen
Look at what we would be missin'

They said, I bet they'll never make it
But just look at us holding on
We're still together still going strong

(You're still the one)
You're still the one I run to
The one that I belong to
You're still the one I want for life
(You're still the one)
You're still the one that I love
The only one I dream of
You're still the one I kiss good night

(You're still the one)
You're still the one I run to
The one that I belong to
You're still the one I want for life
(You're still the one)
You're still the one that I love
The only one I dream of
You're still the one I kiss good night

I'm so glad we made it
Look how far we've come my baby

Friday, November 21, 2008


well nandu and jose really played a big role and they were the ones tht added the fun element of my life!

it all started in 6th! the good ole days when we were still in trousers!
Once, Mrs Sharam Nahi Aathi..,Indira ma'am[well watever hindi i do have is becos of her and i really respect her] caught me stammering with hindi yet again,said" sharam nahi aathi is thareh padne.." and asked me to stand out of the classroom[to my delight]. that day she called our MSC[member of student council or mother of several children, however u like it] and asked gayathri to change "Nithin's" place next to Monisha's.[ma'am always used to get the names confused and since nithin and i were the same league in hindi class, ma'am dint bother to change]
and thats how jose and i sat together for the first time.
it first started as an equivalent craze for super cars. but i did soon find out he was far far better than me.
back then Betty Ma'am used to be our PT teacher.
she was one among the funniest teachers i've ever come acroos.Ponnammal ma'am was also very close! well jose and i used to collect every bit of money we get and go to molma to buy sip ups or on rich fat days, Milkibar choo.
we used to travel in different possible directions to avoid teachers from spoting us.
oh the sip up days!
then there was the "cp travels!"
unni chettan had come back, and he had converted the Mouse MAchine into what HE beleived was an airbus!
george chettan,nikhil,gorbi,sanju[waiting for his father]and i used to play with rubber balls on the basket ball court waiting for the 3rd trip.
well i tell u, i've burned some serious amounts of calories those days!
the other main stuff happening those days were EXAMS!
not tht i cared bout exams! it was chance to ride cycle for long hours + do a little bit of expeditions.
DEAD MAN's world[next to "shmashanam"], Scorpion kingdom[the fsa court] etc. wer our favourites.
wait for the nxt one!


well my friends always complain bout the fact that i dont include them in my blogs!
so here is an article completely dedicated to my pals.

i think the article ought to be divided into 2 and college

SCHOOL[ article 1 ]

i'll start with school.they mean a lot to me! my pals at school!they mould me into the creature i am!

basically i like being to myself.from childhood onwards i've loved being left alone! especially in that period btwn 6 30 and 9! lyk any other student i really hate it when mom asks to study.and not only that! i cant get out of my room! and that seems to me like the toughest thing in the world!somehow i get thirsty every 20 mins that i have to take sip. and only on the hours breaks am i supposed to drink. so after twenty mins of study "its reverie zone",the next forty!regardless of an athleitc apperance i posses due to my lanky legs, i like books!
in my 4th standard while we boys where playin "kings" or "er pandhu", i happened to dislocate my wrist and get a hair line fracture. since i couldn't play to kill time , one brightand sunny day i took to library. our beloved Achama ma'am,looked at me lowering her specs and went to the shelf, took the copy of Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer and gave it to me!
i was like, MA'AM I"M IN FOURTH!
i still remember that the book had 253 pages!that was the beginning.i took leave for 3 weeks with chicken pox and when i returned,the whole class was talking about a milestone event in the class.
[ehmmm...they never even noticed i was missing for 3 weeks]
Sanjay and Gayathri completed a 150 pages NAncy Drew.
"so whats such a big fuss about? i read 253 pages book!", i remarked. and when i said the name of the book everyone laughed and said "thats a forty pages book!".
well that day no one knew what the word "abridged" meant.after Great Epectations everyone knows what it means!
well i took it as a challenge and while sanju concentrated on nancy drew i took hardy boys as my subject. then i read this magical book in my shelf ,which changed my approach to english! till then it was just another subject.after the book, the language became a love affair.
Famous Five and the whispering island, in which wilfred appears!if my memory is corect its the 20th book of the 21 book series.
after that it was Enid Blyton all the way with ocassional Franklin W Dixon.
[i've always continued with this spirit and these days i like CHRICHTON[with due respects to the great man he was],Grisham,cook and other good books.]

well back then, i used to fantasize goin out in cycles ,with tents and camping out with friends! Anne was my first love and still the name has a special effect on me.i was so into secret passages and tresures that i have pressed each tile in my bathroom with the hope that it would suddenly open and lead me to Madonna!

the next remarkable thing that happened was the influence of nandu and jose in my life!ths nxt.

Thursday, November 20, 2008

life in basic mechanical hour

i'm gonna let the snaps do the talking.
pics courtesy amal aravind CS A s1s2 cusat.

this is our BME class

Monday, November 17, 2008


on the free software day manhandling

Well i really dont have anything more to add to the numerous blogs on the manhandling of Anivar bro and co. on the last day of NCFS[National Conference of free software].but there still remains the question of WHY Novell chose to sponsor an event which has nothing to do with their motives and THEIR IDEA of a FREE future.
we "the ignorant few" attending the meet were curious to know their intentions and visited their stall in an effort to understand more.
we met a guy, and with a stern look asked" How can u insist that Novell is helping the cause[free software]?".
the poor guy who had had enough for a day replied" we give u better softwares for a cheaper cost and hence your expenditure is cut, and u can run windows easily.for eg we have the novell version, which can replace MS office in windows. and please, we are employees of Novell. our task is to sit here and introduce our products to the pubilc, nothing else."
sometimes u feel sorry for injustice. we all realize that Novell supports microsoft. yet what do u say to this man, who earns his bucks working for the company?the idea of free software is just,yet when we consider this individual,should we fight with him, boycott novell's stall,and make him go back ,report to his boss, and then make HIM suffer.?
i think we all are forced to do certain things our heart wont agree with.
same is the case with the volunteers.they never had a say on the issue.

so where is ultimately the freedom? free software campaigners werent allowed to express their views, Novell guy had to do what he was told,and likewise for the volunteers.

Friday, August 15, 2008

propsal 4:- absurd theory intro

Well, well me and my absurd theory! Its tough to really move along my line of thought, but then again let me finish k !
I hope the wikipedia article has opened all your minds regarding this topic! i wrote this article when i was in 11th! i have learned quite a few things after that,
so u might see myself contradicting to certain statements! will explain what churned me into writing this in anther post!
As i was saying, "contradiction" is the food of science! so i am going to do a lot of pointless contradicting here!

For explaining to you, i am going to use certain far fetched ideas of mine!
We live in a 3 dimensional world! Let’s calls it energy zone 3! we perceive three dimensions! The "Fleming’s thing". hehe.
We see three dimensions, we feel, we make, etc.
Lets say there’s initially a zone of 1 dimension! Just the x axis[for the sake of imagination]. and lets say we existed in it. Then we evolved, our energies increased, and we started perceiving we the next dimension. We die! We get into zone 2! The zone of 2 dimension. then to three. again a perfect death!
WE have always believed Death is necessary, especially to have a sustainable population! But now i am trying to say, death might not be, and End but a beginning! i believe my Absurd theory could offer a solution to the relentless pursuit of mankind, both religious and scientific, to finally reveal the secrets of after life!

Death is the spontaneous action wherein the body finally starts perceiving the fourth dimension. Think about 4 dimensions! X Y Z and ?it just cannot be thought right? i know you are already hating me, but lets put it this way. Suppose we where two dimensional;. Would we be able to visualize the third dimension? impossible to know? assume u r a character u teacher draws on her board. now would you be able to?
let me leave the question unanswered! i am seriously lacking some comments here...

A man dies! and we all know that happens when certain organs stop working. but is it really that? cant it be that the organ has already started performing or
working in four dimensions? think of four dimensional motion. we cant! so we might probably consider it "dead" and useless while the fact might be that, its
performing in a dimension we the 3rd zone people cant really "catch on to".
i am hoping at least a little bit of my idea has been captured by u readers.
But then what about premature death? i have certainly no theories to back an answer to this, yet i could get a into more of a religious thinking and conclude
that premature death [which includes accidents] causes a sudden entry into the 4th dimension which might make the person, lets say "handicapped" or
something very similar. since it is the fourth dimension none of our classifications wud be valid, yet i am using them to instill the idea!
if you look at the early vedic scripts or cave inscriptions ,[not that i have read or seen any of these in detail] one could possibly bring out my very thought!
did they believe that premature death or "the God's curse" made them into lower animals? or did they believe the fact that we where once something else
and we changed the energy zones into the human state?i for one have heard a lot of stories from my grandmother about how we where all certain animals
and how God loved us and mould us into his own shape., and how certain hermits could curse and make humans into dogs and cows etc etc.
did these possess an element of truth? or did i hear a little too much?[comment zone]. we did evolve from the apes right?

why is our baby not able to perceive color? the different wavelengths? especially the higher ones? i [ a 11thr] with the very limited knowledge i have,
believe that when we change zone a complete blackout of memory takes place! it wouldn't be right if we have a brain which perceives 2 dimension but exist
in 3! have u ever wondered y some children are born unlucky, mentally disabled?

the shortest summary is that:- the world is not what it seems to be! it so happens that at a time[ time applied constant irrespective of dimensions] there are at
least 3 or 4[to make topic worth talking] exisitng..That is, your 3D home might be a playground in 4D!when u r cooking meat balls . Somebody wud be
kicking footballs, whcih has a shape we cant imagine!

i am not done yet! at least 4 more articles to go! so dont lash onto the gun! but pls scribble ur questions.
cheers nevin!

proposal cont [3 space time and 4D]

Philosophy of space and time is the branch of philosophy concerned with the issues surrounding the ontology, epistemology, and character of space and time. While such ideas have been central to philosophy from its inception, the philosophy of space and time was both an inspiration for and a central aspect of early analytic philosophy. The subject focuses on a number of basic issues, including—but not limited to—whether or not time and space exist independently of the mind, whether they exist independently of one another, what accounts for time's apparently unidirectional flow, whether times other than the present moment exist, and questions about the nature of identity (particularly the nature of identity over time).

Ancient and medieval views

The earliest recorded Western philosophy of time was expounded by the ancient Egyptian thinker Ptahhotep (c. 2650–2600 BC), who said: "Do not lessen the time of following desire, for the wasting of time is an abomination to the spirit." The Vedas, the earliest texts on Indian philosophy and Hindu philosophy dating back to the late 2nd millennium BC, describe ancient Hindu cosmology, in which the universe goes through repeated cycles of creation, destruction and rebirth, with each cycle lasting 4,320,000 years. Ancient Greek philosophers, including Parmenides and Heraclitus, wrote essays on the nature of time.[1]

In Book 11 of St. Augustine's Confessions, he ruminates on the nature of time, asking, "What then is time? If no one asks me, I know: if I wish to explain it to one that asketh, I know not." He settles on time being defined more by what it is not than what it is.[2]

In contrast to ancient Greek philosophers who believed that the universe had an infinite past with no beginning, medieval philosophers and theologians developed the concept of the universe having a finite past with a beginning. This view was inspired by the creation myth shared by the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Christian philosopher, John Philoponus, presented the first such argument against the ancient Greek notion of an infinite past. However, the most sophisticated medieval arguments against an infinite past were developed by the early Muslim philosopher, Al-Kindi (Alkindus); the Jewish philosopher, Saadia Gaon (Saadia ben Joseph); and the Muslim theologian, Al-Ghazali (Algazel). They developed two logical arguments against an infinite past, the first being the "argument from the impossibility of the existence of an actual infinite", which states:[3]

"An actual infinite cannot exist."
"An infinite temporal regress of events is an actual infinite."
".•. An infinite temporal regress of events cannot exist."

The second argument, the "argument from the impossibility of completing an actual infinite by successive addition", states:[3]

"An actual infinite cannot be completed by successive addition."
"The temporal series of past events has been completed by successive addition."
".•. The temporal series of past events cannot be an actual infinite."

Both arguments were adopted by later Christian philosophers and theologians, and the second argument in particular became more famous after it was adopted by Immanuel Kant in his thesis of the first antimony concerning time.[3]

In the early 11th century, the Muslim physicist, Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen or Alhazen), discussed space perception and its epistemological implications in his Book of Optics (1021). His experimental proof of the intromission model of vision led to changes in the way the visual perception of space was understood, contrary to the previous emission theory of vision supported by Euclid and Ptolemy. In "tying the visual perception of space to prior bodily experience, Alhacen unequivocally rejected the intuitiveness of spatial perception and, therefore, the autonomy of vision. Without tangible notions of distance and size for correlation, sight can tell us next to nothing about such things."[4]

[edit] Realism and anti-realism

A traditional realist position in ontology is that time and space have existence apart from the human mind. Idealists deny or doubt the existence of objects independent of the mind. Some anti-realists whose ontological position is that objects outside the mind do exist, nevertheless doubt the independent existence of time and space.

Kant, in the Critique of Pure Reason, described time as an a priori notion that, together with other a priori notions such as space, allows us to comprehend sense experience. For Kant, neither space nor time are conceived as substances, but rather both are elements of a systematic framework we use to structure our experience. Spatial measurements are used to quantify how far apart objects are, and temporal measurements are used to quantitatively compare the interval between (or duration of) events.

Idealist writers such as J. M. E. McTaggart in The Unreality of Time have argued that time is an illusion (see also The flow of time below).

The writers discussed here are for the most part realists in this regard; for instance, Gottfried Leibniz held that his monads existed, at least independently of the mind of the observer.

Absolutism and relationalism

Leibniz and Newton

The great debate between defining notions of space and time as real objects themselves (absolute), or whether they are merely orderings upon actual objects (relational), began between physicists Isaac Newton (via his spokesman, Samuel Clarke) and Gottfried Leibniz in the papers of the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence.

Arguing against the absolutist position, Leibniz offers a number of thought experiments with the purpose of showing that there is contradiction in assuming the existence of facts such as absolute location and velocity. These arguments trade heavily on two principles central to his philosophy: the principle of sufficient reason and the identity of indiscernibles. The principle of sufficient reason holds that for every fact there is a reason that is sufficient to explain what and why it is the way it is and not otherwise. The identity of indiscernibles states that if there is no way of telling two entities apart then they are one and the same thing.

The example Leibniz uses involves two proposed universes situated in absolute space. The only discernible difference between them is that the latter is positioned five feet to the left of the first. The possibility of the example is only available if such a thing as absolute space exists. Such a situation, however, is not possible according to Leibniz, for if it were, where a universe was positioned in absolute space would have no sufficient reason, as it might very well have been anywhere else. Therefore, it is contradicting the principle of sufficient reason, and there could exist two distinct universes that were in all ways indiscernible, thus contradicting the identity of indiscernibles.

Standing out in Clarke’s (and Newton’s) response to Leibniz arguments is the bucket argument: Water in a bucket, hung from a rope and set to spin, will start with a flat surface. As the water begins to spin in the bucket, the surface of the water will become concave. If the bucket is stopped, the water will continue to spin, and while the spin continues the surface will remain concave. The concave surface is apparently not the result of the interaction of the bucket and the water, since the water is flat when the bucket first starts to spin, becomes concave as the water starts to spin, and remains concave as the bucket stops.

In this response, Clarke argues for the necessity of the existence of absolute space to account for phenomena like rotation and acceleration that cannot be accounted for on a purely relationalist account. Clarke argues that since the curvature of the water occurs in the rotating bucket as well as in the stationary bucket containing spinning water, it can only be explained by stating that the water is rotating in relation to the presence of some third thing—absolute space.

Leibniz describes a space that exists only as a relation between objects, and which has no existence apart from the existence of those objects. Motion exists only as a relation between those objects. Newtonian space provided the absolute frame of reference within which objects can have motion. In Newton’s system the frame of reference exists independently of the objects which are contained in it. These objects can be described as moving in relation to space itself. For many centuries, the evidence of a concave water surface held authority.


Another important figure in this debate is 19th century physicist, Ernst Mach. While he did not deny the existence of phenomena like that seen in the bucket argument, he still denied the absolutist conclusion by offering a different answer as to what the bucket was rotating in relation to: the fixed stars.

Mach suggested that thought experiments like the bucket argument are problematic. If we were to imagine a universe that only contains a bucket, on Newton’s account, this bucket could be set to spin relative to absolute space, and the water it contained would form the characteristic concave surface. But, in the absence of anything else in the universe it would be difficult to confirm that the bucket was indeed spinning. It seems equally possible that the surface of the water in the bucket would remain flat.

Mach argued that, in effect, the water experiment in an otherwise empty universe would remain flat. But if another object was introduced into this universe, perhaps a distant star, there is now something relative to which the bucket could be seen as rotating. The water inside the bucket could possibly have a slight curve. To account for the curve that we observe, an increase in the number of objects in the universe also increases the curvature in the water. Mach argued that the momentum of an object, whether angular or linear, exists as a result of the sum of the effects of other objects in the universe (Mach's Principle).


Einstein, a prominent physicist in the 20th century, proposed that relativistics are based on the principle of relativity. This theory holds that the rules of physics must be the same for all observers, regardless of the frame of reference that is used. The greatest difficulty for this idea was Maxwell’s equations. These included the speed of light in a vacuum, and imply that the speed of light is only constant relative to the postulated luminiferous ether.

Unfortunately for Einstein, all attempts to measure any speed relative to this ether failed. Special relativity is a formalization of the principle of relativity which does not contain a privileged inertial frame of reference such as the luminiferous ether or absolute space, from which Einstein inferred that no such frame exists.

Einstein generalized relativity to frames of reference that were non-inertial. He achieved this by positing the Equivalence Principle, which states that the force felt by an observer in a given gravitational field and that felt by an observer in an accelerating frame of reference are indistinguishable. This led to the conclusion that the mass of an object warps the geometry of the space-time surrounding it, as described in Einstein’s field equations.

An inertial frame of reference is one that is following a geodesic of space-time. An object that moves against a geodesic experiences a force. An object in free fall does not experience a force, because it is following a geodesic. An object standing on the earth, however, will experience a force, as it is being held against the geodesic by the surface of the planet. In light of this, the bucket of water rotating in empty space will experience a force because it rotates with respect to the geodesic. The water will become concave, not because it is rotating with respect to the distant stars, but because it is rotating with respect to the geodesic.

Einstein partially advocates Mach’s principle in that distant stars explain inertia because they provide the gravitational field against which acceleration and inertia occur. But contrary to Leibniz’ account, this warped space-time is as integral a part of an object as are its other defining characteristics such as volume and mass. If one holds, contrary to idealist beliefs, that objects exist independently of the mind, it seems that Relativistics commits them to also hold that space and temporality have the exact same type of independent existence.


The position of conventionalism states that there is no fact of the matter as to the geometry of space and time, but that it is decided by convention. The first proponent of such a view, Henri Poincaré, reacting to the creation of the new non-euclidean geometry, argued that which geometry applied to a space was decided by convention, since different geometries will describe a set of objects equally well, based on considerations from his sphere-world.

This view was developed and updated to include considerations from relativistic physics by Hans Reichenbach. Reichenbach's conventionalism, applying to space and time, focusses around the idea of coordinative definition.

Coordinative definition has two major features. The first has to do with coordinating units of length with certain physical objects. This is motivated by the fact that we can never directly apprehend length. Instead we must choose some physical object, say the Standard Metre at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (International Bureau of Weights and Measures), or the wavelength of cadmium to stand in as our unit of length. The second feature deals with separated objects. Although we can, presumably, directly test the equality of length of two measuring rods when they are next to one another, we can not find out as much for two rods distant from one another. Even supposing that two rods, whenever brought near to one another are seen to be equal in length, we are not justified in stating that they are always equal in length. This impossibility undermines our ability to decide the equality of length of two distant objects. Sameness of length, to the contrary, must be set by definition.

Such a use of coordinative definition is in effect, on Reichenbach's conventionalism, in the General Theory of Relativity where light is assumed, i.e. not discovered, to mark out equal distances in equal times. After this setting of coordinative definition, however, the geometry of spacetime is set.

As in the absolutism/relationalism debate, contemporary philosophy is still in disagreement as to the correctness of the conventionalist doctrine. While conventionalism still holds many proponents, cutting criticisms concerning the coherence of Reichenbach's doctrine of coordinative definition have led many to see the conventionalist view as untenable.

The structure of spacetime

Building from a mix of insights from the historical debates of absolutism and conventionalism as well as reflecting on the import of the technical apparatus of the General Theory of Relativity, details as to the structure of spacetime have made up a large proportion of discussion within the philosophy of space and time, as well as the philosophy of physics. The following is a short list of topics.

[edit] The relativity of simultaneity

According to special relativity each point in the universe can have a different set of events that compose its present instant. This has been used in the Rietdijk-Putnam argument to demonstrate that relativity predicts a block universe in which events are fixed in four dimensions.

[edit] Invariance vs. covariance

Bringing to bear the lessons of the absolutism/relationalism debate with the powerful mathematical tools invented in the 19th and 20th century, Michael Friedman draws a distinction between invariance upon mathematical transformation and covariance upon transformation.

Invariance, or symmetry, applies to objects, i.e. the symmetry group of a space-time theory designates what features of objects are invariant, or absolute, and which are dynamical, or variable.

Covariance applies to formulations of theories, i.e. the covariance group designates in which range of coordinate systems the laws of physics hold.

This distinction can be illustrated by revisiting Leibniz's thought experiment, in which the universe is shifted over five feet. In this example the position of an object is seen not to be a property of that object, i.e. location is not invariant. Similarly, the covariance group for classical mechanics will be any coordinate systems that are obtained from one another by shifts in position as well as other translations allowed by a Galilean transformation.

In the classical case, the invariance, or symmetry, group and the covariance group coincide, but, interestingly enough, they part ways in relativistic physics. The symmetry group of the GTR includes all differentiable transformations, i.e. all properties of an object are dynamical, in other words there are no absolute objects. The formulations of the GTR, unlike that of classical mechanics, do not share a standard, i.e. there is no single formulation paired with transformations. As such the covariance group of the GTR is just the covariance group of every theory.

[edit] Historical frameworks

A further application of the modern mathematical methods, in league with the idea of invariance and covariance groups, is to try to interpret historical views of space and time in modern, mathematical language.

In these translations, a theory of space and time is seen as a manifold paired with vector spaces, the more vector spaces the more facts there are about objects in that theory. The historical development of spacetime theories is generally seen to start from a position where many facts about objects or incorporated in that theory, and as history progresses, more and more structure is removed.

For example, Aristotle's theory of space and time holds that not only is there such a thing as absolute position, but that there are special places in space, such as a center to the universe, a sphere of fire, etc. Newtonian spacetime has absolute position, but not special positions. Galilean spacetime has absolute acceleration, but not absolute position or velocity. And so on.

[edit] Holes

With the GTR, the traditional debate between absolutism and relationalism has been shifted to whether or not spacetime is a substance, since the GTR largely rules out the existence of, e.g., absolute positions. One powerful argument against spacetime substantivalism, offered by John Earman is known as the "hole argument".

This is a technical mathematical argument but can be paraphrased as follows:

Define a function d as the identity function over all elements over the manifold M, excepting a small neighbourhood H belonging to M. Over H d comes to differ from identity by a smooth function.

With use of this function d we can construct two mathematical models, where the second is generated by applying d to proper elements of the first, such that the two models are identical prior to the time t=0, where t is a time function created by a foliation of spacetime, but differ after t=0.

These considerations show that, since substantivalism allows the construction of holes, that the universe must, on that view, be indeterministic. Which, Earman argues, is a case against substantivalism, as the case between determinism or indeterminism should be a question of physics, not of our commitment to substantivalism.

[edit] The direction of time

The problem of the direction of time arises directly from two contradictory facts. First, the fundamental physical laws are time-reversal invariant. In other words, anything that can happen moving forward through time is just as possible moving backwards in time. Or, put in another way, through the eyes of physics, there will be no distinction, in terms of possibility, between what happens in a movie if the film is run forward, or if the film is run backwards. Second, our experience of time, at the macroscopic level, is not time-reversal invariant. Glasses fall and break all the time, but shards of glass do not put themselves back together and fly up on tables. We have memories of the past, and none of the future. We feel we can't change the past but can affect the future.

The causation solution

One solution to this problem takes a metaphysical view, in which the direction of time follows from an asymmetry of causation. We know more about the past because the elements of the past are causes for the effect that is our perception. We feel we can't affect the past and can affect the future because we can't affect the past and can affect the future.

There are two major difficulties with this view. First is the problem of distinguishing the cause from the effect in a non-arbitrary way. The use of causation in constructing a temporal ordering could easily become circular. The second problem is with not the consistency of this view, but its explanatory power. While the causation account, if successful may account for some time-asymmetric phenomena like perception and action, it does not account for many others, like the breaking glass described above.

The thermodynamics solution

The second major family of solutions to this problem, and by far the one that has generated the most literature, finds the existence of the direction of time as relating to the nature of thermodynamics.

The answer from classical thermodynamics states that while our basic physical theory is, in fact, time-reversal symmetric, thermodynamics is not. In particular, the second law of thermodynamics states that the net entropy of a closed system never decreases, and this explains why we often see glass breaking, but not coming back together.

But in statistical mechanics things get more complicated. On one hand, statistical mechanics is far superior to classical thermodynamics, in that thermodynamic behavior, glass breaking, can be explained by the fundamental laws of physics paired with a statistical postulate. But statistical mechanics, unlike classical thermodynamics, is time-reversal symmetric. The second law of thermodynamics, as it arises in statistical mechanics, merely states that it is overwhelmingly likely that net entropy will increase, but it is not an absolute law.

Current thermodynamic solutions to the problem of the direction of time aim to find some further fact, or feature of the laws of nature to account for this discrepancy.

[edit] The laws solution

A third type of solution to the problem of the direction of time, although much less represented, argues that the laws are not time-reversal symmetric. For example, certain processes in quantum mechanics, relating to the weak nuclear force, are not time-reversible, keeping in mind that when dealing with quantum mechanics time-reversibility comprises a more complex definition.

But this type of solution is insufficient because 1) the time-symmetric phenomena in QM are too few to account for the uniformity of macroscopic time-asymmetry and 2) it relies on the assumption that QM is the final or correct description of physical processes.

One recent proponent of the laws solution is Tim Maudlin who argues that, in addition to quantum mechanical phenomena, our basic spacetime physics (general relativity) is time-reversal asymmetric. He denies the definitions, often quite complicated, that underlie time-reversal symmetries, arguing that these definitions themselves cause the appearance of a problem of the direction of time.

[edit] The flow of time

The problem of the flow of time, as it has been treated in analytic philosophy, owes its beginning to a paper written by J. M. E. McTaggart. In this paper McTaggart introduces two temporal series that are central to our understanding of time. The first series, which means to account for our intuitions about temporal becoming, or the moving Now, is called the A-series. The A-series orders events according to their being in the past, present or future, simpliciter and in comparison to each other. The B-series eliminates all reference to the present, and the associated temporal modalities of past and future, and orders all events by the temporal relations earlier than and later than.

McTaggart, in his paper The Unreality of Time, argues that time is unreal since a) the A-series is inconsistent and b) the B-series alone cannot account for the nature of time as the A-series describes an essential feature of it.

Building from this framework, two camps of solution have been offered. The first, the A-theorist solution, takes becoming as the central feature of time, and tries to construct the B-series from the A-series by offering an account of how B-facts come to be out of A-facts. The second camp, the B-theorist solution, takes as decisive McTaggart's arguments against the A-series and tries to construct the A-series out of the B-series, for example, by temporal indexicals.

[edit] Dualities

Quantum field theory models have shown that it is possible for theories in two different spacetime backgrounds, like AdS/CFT or T-duality, to be equivalent.

[edit] Presentism and Eternalism

Main articles: Presentism (philosophy of time) and Eternalism (philosophy of time)

According to Presentism, time is an ordering of various realities. At a certain time some things exist and others do not. This is the only reality we can deal with and we cannot for example say that Homer exists because at the present time he does not. An Eternalist, on the other hand, holds that time is a dimension of reality on a par with the three spatial dimensions, and hence that all things—past present and future—can be said to be just as real as things in the present are. According to this theory, then, Homer really does exist, though we must still use special language when talking about somebody who exists at a distant time—just as we would use special language when talking about something a long way away (the very words near, far, above, below, over there, and such are directly comparable to phrases such as in the past, a minute ago, and so on).

Endurantism and Perdurantism

The positions on the persistence of objects are somewhat similar. An endurantist holds that for an object to persist through time is for it to exist completely at different times (each instance of existence we can regard as somehow separate from previous and future instances, though still numerically identical with them). A perdurantist on the other hand holds that for a thing to exist through time is for it to exist as a continuous reality, and that when we consider the thing as a whole we must consider an aggregate of all its "temporal parts" or instances of existing. Endurantism is seen as the conventional view and flows out of our innate ideas (when I talk to somebody I think I am talking to that person as a complete object, and not just a part of a cross-temporal being), but perduranists have attacked this position. (An example of a perdurantist is David Lewis.) One argument perdurantists use to state the superiority of their view is that perdurantism is able to take account of change in objects.

The relations between these two questions mean that on the whole Presentists are also endurantists and Eternalists are also perdurantists (and vice versa), but this is not a necessary connection and it is possible to claim, for instance, that time's passage indicates a series of ordered realities, but that objects within these realities somehow exist outside of the reality as a whole, even though the realities as wholes are not related. However, such positions are rarely adopted.

Thursday, August 14, 2008

unplugged!: the hanging thin'

unplugged!: the hanging thin'

unplugged:suicide reports shocking

my life ep.1[myself+movies]

i am sitting here idle, brewing this colossal amount of coffee ,all smiles to myself[no practical reason i can think of for being in this state]. The day has gone by, with all the normalities and niceties well in schedule! i cannot possibly bore u further by explaining what i am , whom i am..etc..
past is past! me livin' in the present!

If Thou cast the Chameleon's nature
On Thy like being on Earth,
That i am!

i know, i know my poem sucks, they always do! i remember the last time i tried one! Alfred Noyes and Wordsworth combined! in fact it wud be better of, to say, it was a mixture of solitary reaper, highway man,and education of nature! but anyway, i love poems!

I wouldn't call myself a chameleon , because i have always believed in sticking on to ones genuine personality, regardless of the environment![well i can write whatever i want , but trust me i wud be the next thing to wetting my pants when these seniors of mine get to rag the hell outta me]
but i have varied interests!
in my early days i had always wanted to be a pilot or a lorry driver!was into machines i guess!
then in fourth my hand got fractured and i wanted to be an ortho!
started seeing these nasty med programmes in nat geo , got the chills, and and wanted to be a detective or an actor! the Enid Blyton periods with interests in forming secret societies with passwords and cookies!then came Goosebumps and i wanted to direct horror movies!
the Agatha Christies:- wanted to marry a cool gal[ya i know, i know, but Agatha Christy wasn't really that cool so i was really just into the n or m]
then came a long period, wherein i wanted to do MBA , buy a cool carry, marry a sexy blonde blah blah..
11th and i was into economics without knowing a b c d of what it was. it was more of the st stephens desire rather than the actual stream! and i wanted to work along side shareen bahn one day!ha.....................
then came this interest of mine to pursue law, after Mr Grisham started sleeping beside me.hei dont mis understand, i meant the book :)
but its nature! and i love it!
i want to do a lot of photography, read, travel and cook in my life! thats basically it!
NDTV good times has stolen my heart of late! especially that Spa program.


i am a guy who enjoys the movies! lemme share to u what i like!

ACTION:- i am not really into this stream , but i do love quick original moves! i hate van dam and such creatures! not my type! i love Bourne series! it well plotted, quick, and has damn good action scenes! whats good to see is that unlike matrix and jaws, which has such horrible 3rd rated sequels, the Bourne team, has made gr8 sequels to complement !

MYTH:- well same case here! except for certain movies life 300, or troy, i am not that type!
i dont really know under which category the Lord of the Rings comes under, but that really rocks!

ROMANCE:- i love these movies! they r sweet and worth watching almost all the time! i like these sweet ones, may not be blockbusters, but nonetheless what people wud like watching on a Sunday eve! sleepless in Seattle, the lake house, u've got mail etc. etc...

DRAMA:- its diverse but its so cool. i like these movies like oceans 11 12 13, wherein the plot is so beautiful, one has to just watch in awe and admire the script writer! and it makes u feel like a smartass once u discover after watching the movie 3 times, how they stole the bank! then there r these movies like forest gump, the beach, blood diamond, all diverse yet catchy.
i like law movies too! Tom Cruise's "a few good men", Philadelphia , rainmaker[though its not as good as the book]. i like Padmarajan movies as well! i like Shyamalan's sixth sense.

COMEDY:- ya, every one likes to laugh! i like certain movies, like scary movie 1, Bruce almighty, but i like the humor inbibed in the DRAMA movies more! i dont really like movies just made for the sake of laughter!

HORROR:-hollywood ones r good! hate the mallu ones! esp that horrible movie named "megasandesham".

thats it guys! keep drinking coffee!

the hanging thin'

well guys and gals i had to go thru an unpleasant scene yesterday! saw a man hanging dead on a tamarind tree while i was going for drivin classes!
there r a lot of emotions that fly across ur soul when u experience such a scenario!
what was it that made the guy commit such and such a deed?! was his life so unworthy and so unfruitful, that no one really cared bout this guy? was it a bad affair? y arent anyone near?
y is the dog making such a wired noise?..
its a saga of emotions and u practically dont know what to feel at that moment! is it fear? anxiety? curiosity? bewilderment?
well things moved on fast, and i kept on walking regardless of the hanging body. many gatherd as soon as the retired dysp, my neighbour, arrived the scene! i walked on ,had an ok driving class, and saw the scene yet again on my journey back home!
and the first real statement that really crossed my mind:- INDIA!
its such a weird nation, u call it diverse, rich or secular or whatever ur sunlit brain can ever think of, yet how can u justify such outrageous actions of the people! in my way towards the driving class, i got into the milma shop, to inquire, and the guy said" a njaan kandu ,mindan ninnilla! ayaal aa vidnde aduthulla alude aliyano matto aa! nammal endhina verudhe idhu pidichu thaliyil idunne!"
thats our people folks!comment on it urself, cos regardless of the high precentage of truth content in his words, people have to accept a death, the way it should be!
i dont remember when, but i did hear one day, naturally one among us saying" americayil kodum kaatu varunnadhu nalladha, world population kurayatte!"!
was it the same when a massive tsunami raided pur nation?[get lost with what kamal haasan has to say]
its time we people realize the fact that nature cant be controlled! those who r familiar with dasavatharam wud have certainly realized the butterfly effect or the chaos theory as its popularly called! i suggest u fall into chrichton at least, to get into he basic knowledge!
coming back to my topic, the point i am trying to put forward is, its high time we develop a society, where things r seen and taken care of, the way it ought to be!
lets concentrate on the milma chettn's words once again!
three lines , which defines a helluva lot bout our society.
he has every right in our society, to have moved away from the scene, his lips tight cos OUR POLICE dept. its high time police started being for the people rather than against the people!
secondly its high time we started portraying our police in a better trend! personally speaking, aftr seeing the movie" pathram" i wanted to slap the cheeks of both the gundan police charachter and the manju varrier char! both sucks! is this education? is this what we want! with no disrespect to the need of entertainment in our busy life, i still believe people and police should form a team, which when combined, can bring a lot of peace and order to the society!
2nd matter is the casual approach to death! it is justified as well!
1) the guy aint in the higher strata of the society!
2)he is drunkard
3) committing suicide is almost a trend these days no one really cares! the guy din wanna live, so be it, seems to be our attitude!

i believe as a person, who was shocked to the toes on witnessing the scene, its always the emotional side of life which is difficult to cope with! Man almost always live out his dire condition, if he has love and support from his friends! but sometimes a millionaire cud be so broke, he usually tends to commit the "crime"[as i call it]!
the truth is no one really knows! and no one wants to! and how can u get a person going to kill themselves, to give an interview just b4 dying!

later.. monsoon's taking its toll! power cut!

matt damon in good will hunting!

Why shouldn't I work for the N.S.A.? That's a tough one, but I'll take a shot. Say I'm working at the N.S.A. Somebody puts a code on my desk, something nobody else can break. Maybe I take a shot at it and maybe I break it. And I'm real happy with myself, 'cause I did my job well. But maybe that code was the location of some rebel army in North Africa or the Middle East. Once they have that location, they bomb the village where the rebels were hiding and fifteen hundred people that I never met and that I never had no problem with get killed. Now the politicians are sayin', "Send in the marines to secure the area" 'cause they don't give a shit. It won't be their kid over there, gettin' shot. Just like it wasn't them when their number was called, 'cause they were pullin' a tour in the National Guard. It'll be some kid from Southie takin' shrapnel in the ass. And he comes home to find that the plant he used to work at got exported to the country he just got back from. And the guy who put the shrapnel in his ass got his old job, 'cause he'll work for fifteen cents a day and no bathroom breaks. Meanwhile he realizes the only reason he was over there in the first place was so we could install a government that would sell us oil at a good price. And of course the oil companies used the skirmish over there to scare up domestic oil prices. A cute little ancillary benefit for them but it ain't helping my buddy at two-fifty a gallon. They're takin' their sweet time bringin' the oil back, and maybe even took the liberty of hiring an alcoholic skipper who likes to drink martinis and fukin' play slalom with the icebergs, and it ain't too long 'til he hits one, spills the oil and kills all the sea life in the North Atlantic. So now my buddy's out of work and he can't afford to drive, so he's walking to the fukin' job interviews, which sucks 'cause the schrapnel in his ass is givin' him chronic hemorrhoids. And meanwhile he's starvin' 'cause every time he tries to get a bite to eat the only blue plate special they're servin' is North Atlantic scrod with Quaker State. So what did I think? I'm holdin' out for somthin' better. I figure, fuck it, while I'm at it, why not just shoot my buddy, take his job and give it to his sworn enemy, hike up gas prices, bomb a village,club a baby seal,hit the hash pipe and join the National Guard? I could b electd president

NEVIN:- this articel has nothing to do with me, infact it a copy from another site! i just wanted all readers to go thru this becos it is downright insult to the NSA, who thinks they rule the earth!

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

a proposal to mankind

Let me start with science. "Wierd" is something not always associated with science, but i guess its wierd. Limitless possiblities. Variety and variablity! Science has enthralled me into higher extremes. No girl, no game has highlighted more interest in and from me than science. It is beautiful. It is "beauty". It defines beauty. what more can one pursue?
Lets get straight into my thoughts and ideas. But before we dig into some of the wired imaginations, i wud like to convey my intentions. After u finish going through my article, u should belive in the concept of dimensions which i am about to use and the different possibilies associated with it. Maths has certain theories which round up into the chaos theory or the butterfly effect. i would like the absurd concept i am going to use to be called "the absurd theory". I would be referring to the concept a lot in my articles , to prove that u and i maybe the very same person.
Scientists from ancient times have believed that theres a limit to what man can know. They believed and pursued the "end". "The day when everything shall be known". But the beauty of science is that more we reveal the more we there is to discover. When man invented a car, he realized he had made his life easy. then cam the factors like speed, friction etc. I have just used this example to show the more one learns the more there is to know. like the replacement of rubber tyres with inflated ones.
Qutantum technology is one of the rapidly emerging field of science. Super conductance of certain elements at very low temperature has given more hope. Combined they formed, the ever daunting nanotech. Bio engineering has long discovered cloning , and one can await a real life replica of Chrichton's jurassic park in near future. Though considered an old topic. nuclear science is still revealing limitless possiblities. This to name a few.
But i belive there is an undiscoverd saga of events in "evolution". It is true man has been carefully studying "evolution". The remarkable studies including the Darwanian theory of evolution has conquered our hearts from time to time. But i still believe a lot is undefined and unexplained other than the age old stories of dinosaur and transformation of apes into man. With no dis respect to these spellboundin theories, i would like to introduce u to "absurd theory".
I believe the key to unlock the mysteries of evolution lies closely to the existence of fourth dimension. I am not taking you to concept where one cannot keep time and space constant. It is a fact. A complex theory yet one that should be belived. It offers a wide range of imagination and the absurd theory comes in that category.
Evolution can be briefly described as the change in the organism with respect to its stimuli. To refresh your mind let me put forward an exaggerated fact! Suppose a species of migrating owl, in large groups, has to change their routes due to external problems like pollution! These night birds reach an island, with thick vegetation of hard shelled fruits yet no nocturnal animals. Due to the severe lack of food, many would die. but yet some will adapt . they would make attempts in the day to catch the prey and some will turn towards fruits. gradually their offsprings would develop characteristics to new environment. And we might even witness the same species of owl behaving in two different group patterns, like the fruit eting one and the other. Each would start developing unique charchterestics like bent claw and beak etc. This is evolution as we know it today.The Darwanaian theory.
But i belive there is another side to evolution. There is something. Something that the theory has missed. If it werent for these timely contradictions, science as we know today would not have existed.We would have still considered Earth to be the centre of the solar system and cosidered thompsons model of atom.
Now i sent this to 3 people and all the three said my work so far needs a lot of explanation.
the concept of space and time is so beautiful yet very difficult to understand unless u r willing to go beyond the ordinary imagination. therein i believe i should suggest to all of u having interest in what i am gonna say, to read the wikipedia article on it, at the least!
wait for the next set!
to be contd..........................

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